Androscoggin County, ME
Named for the Androscoggin Indians, Androscoggin County was founded on March 18, 1854. Bates College was established less than a year later within its boundaries. The county encompasses 497 square miles. It is the fifth most populous county in the state with an estimated population of 107,679.
Cumberland County, ME
Cumberland County was established in 1760 and named for William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland. Two historic lighthouses are within its boundaries; Portland Head Light (1791) and Two Lights (1828). The area was a major seaport in the mid-19th century, attracting many immigrants to the region. Current population estimates are 293,557, making this the most populous county in the state.
Kennebec County, ME
Kennebec County was established on February 20, 1799. The county is named after the Kennebec River. The word Kennebec is Eastern Abenaki meaning ‘large body of still water’. Within its boundaries lies the state capital, Augusta. With an estimated population of 122,083, Kennebec County is the fourth most populous in the state.
Penobscot County, ME
Penobscot County has an estimated population of 151,096, making it the third most populous county in Maine. It was founded on February 15, 1816, and was named for the Penobscot tribe. Bangor is the largest city within its boundaries. During its early years, lumber and shipbuilding dominated the economic development in the area. A 31 foot high statue of Paul Bunyan, reported to be the largest statue of Bunyan in the world, has towered over Main Street since 1959.
York County, ME
One of the oldest counties in the nation, York County was established on November 20, 1652. Within its boundaries, lies the city of York, which was the nation’s first incorporated city in 1642. The county was named for James, Duke of York and Albany. York is the second most populous county in the state with a population estimate of 206,229.