Geographic Information Systems

Options for Learning GIS: Degree, Certification, or Online

Geographic information systems (GIS) are a broad category that offer a wealth of useful tools. Applied across a variety of industries, GIS can be used to create multi-layered maps and conduct impressive geospatial analysis.

However, if you're new to the concept and simply looking to learn GIS - it’s easy to feel overwhelmed.

This guide explores different options for learning GIS, offering resources to help you get started. From getting a GIS degree, to professional GIS certification, to self-led free online courses - we’ll break down all the options.

Click any of the links below to jump directly there.

I. Higher Education: Earn a Degree in GIS

II. GIS Professional Certifications

III. Learn GIS Online for Free

IV. Additional Resources for Learning GIS

Higher Education: Get a Degree in GIS

If you're looking to start a career in GIS, or just prefer a structured educational setting - pursuing a degree in GIS could be the right choice.

One thing to keep in mind - Though there are many bacherlor's degrees with a GIS component, very few undergraduate programs focus on GIS exclusively. Most people complete a degree in a related field, like geography or environmental science, first.

graduation hat and GIS degree

One common suggestion is to get your feet wet by taking GIS as an elective. Make sure it's something you're really interested in, and then consider specializing with a master's in GIS.

If you're really committed to focusing on GIS right away, there are a few options.

Harrisburg University in Pennsylvania offers a Bachelor's of Science in Geospatial Technology, and Northern Arizona University has an undergraduate degree in Geographic Sciences - with the option to choose an emphasis in geospatial technologies.

If you're serious about pursuing a career in GIS, you should consider working towards a master's. Not all GIS positions require a master's; however, having one will strengthen your resume considerably.

According to EnrivonmentalScience.org, there are 138 on-campus graduate programs currently available in the U.S. Be sure to consider your finances, lifestyle, and learning style when weighing which GIS program is right for you.

As with anything, formal GIS education has upsides and downsides.

Advantages

  • A more competitive resume
  • Structured educational setting
  • Well-rounded, comprehensive curriculum

Disadvantages

  • Most expensive option
  • Significant time investment
  • Set schedule constraints

Is a GIS degree worth it? That’s up to you to decide.

Simply put, a degree in GIS is the path to employment in the industry. If you want a career in GIS, you should consider a degree very seriously.

If you already have a degree in GIS, but want to futher your knowledge, skills, and career - you may want to consider a professional GIS certification.

GIS Professional Certifications

GIS certification is meant for professionals who've already started their GIS career. If you're still just learning and are looking for GIS tutorials and other online resources - skip to the next section.

If you've already started your GIS career, GIS certification can help you learn specialized skills and differentiate you from the competition.

There are two main GIS certifications that employers look for: GISP and Esri Technical Certification.

Geographic Information Systems Professional (GISP)

GISCI logo

Of the two, GISP is the more recognized certification.

Earning the GISP requires:

  • At least four years of full-time, professional GIS experience
  • A proven track record of contributions to the GIS community
  • Formal GIS education
  • A passing grade on the GISCI Geospatial Core Technical Knowledge Exam

The focus on professional and volunteer experience is one of the main things that differentiates GISP from the Esri Technical Certification.

Esri Technical Certification

Esri logo

The Esri Technical Certification is exam-based, focusing almost exclusively on technical skill acquisition.

There three types of Esri Technical Certifications: Desktop, Developer, and Enterprise. Each of these three test types has two levels of potential achievement: Associate or Professional.

People generally choose one area of focus and take only those certification tests.

This certification is also focused exclusively on Esri GIS software and technology.

GIS Geography provides a full breakdown on both certifications if you want to learn more.

Learn GIS Online for Free

If you want to learn GIS on your own, the DIY route is always an option.

learn GIS online icon

There are tons of resources available online, including self-paced online tutorials, courses on GIS fundamentals, online textbooks, and more.

There are significant advantages to this approach: it's free and you have more freedom. Focus on the sub-topics that interest you most, and take lessons when you have the time.

Something to keep in mind is that free resources often aren't as comprehensive, and won't have the same (if any) professional weight.

However, even with these limitations, free resources can still help you build a strong GIS foundation.

Free Resources to Learn GIS Online

Even if you end up opting for formal GIS education - it never hurts to check out free resources first.

Additional GIS Learning Resources

So far we've covered the main categories for potential GIS education, but if none of those sound appealing - there are a few other options.

There are plenty of paid online GIS classes, or if you want to take things a little old school - there are tons of quality GIS books that can help you learn new skills.

We've included these paid online options, as well as to two lists of recommended GIS books below.

Conclusion

As you can see, there are numerous ways to learn GIS. From a GIS degree, to a professional certification, to learning GIS online - the options are plentiful.

What’s the best way to learn GIS? Answer that question by considering your ultimate goal.

If you want a GIS career, go the traditional route with a four year undergraduate degree, followed by a master’s. This is the best way to ensure you get the right knowledge, and a credible educational foundation.

If you’re just looking to test the waters, or learn something new for fun - online courses are a fantastic option. There is so much knowledge readily available for free.

Best of luck on your road to learning GIS, and in your potential GIS career! Keep reading the Unearth blog for more on GIS trends, resources, and more.